Religion: Judaism

-Jewish People are a nation originating‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ in the Israelites or Hebrews of the ancient Near East. Their traditional faith was Judaism of the Jewish people.
-Based on laws revealed to Moses and recorded in the Torah.

-The word "Torah" means "to teach."

-Torah is Judaism's important text, it was composed of the "Five Books of Moses and also contains the 613 commandments and the 10 commandments.
-Monotheistic believes that there is only one god.


T‍‍‍‍‍‍‍he Ancient Hebrew
Archeology uncovers ancient tool.
  • Matzah-unleavened bread
  • Menora-candelabrum
  • Mezuza-doorpost scroll

String Instruments:
Harp
This instrument is found on a Jewish coin, it would seem to be a native Jewish instrument.
- Kinnor is the Hebrew name for an ancient stringed instrument used in Hebrew music.
- A lyre is a member of the zither family.
- Ordinarily played by strumming, like a guitar, rather than being plucked, like a harp.
Psaltery
used in Divine worship; it was also used on festive occasions and used in Hebrew music to accompany the voice.
- Have ten strings.
- The shape is like an inverted Delta but other says it is shaped liked a leathern bottle.
- Others think that it was shaped like a guitar and that it resembled that instrument in its general style.
- A skin bottle inverted and an inverted Delta would in general shape similar.

Sackbut or Trigon
It was played by the fingers and gave forth a shrill sound in Hebrew music.
- Sabbeka or sackbut is a lute or lyre as translated in the King James version.
- In the Revised Standard version it is called trigon.
-As of now we know it a kind of brass instrument like the trombone.
- Rawlison supposes it to have been a large harp, resting on the ground like the harps of the Egyptians.
- According to the Smith's Dictionary of the Bible the sambuca was triangular in shape, having four or more strings

Wind Instruments:

Cornet
- The difference between the "horn", the "shofar" , "trumpet", "cornet" is supposed to have been principally in the shape.
- It was mentioned in Josh 5:5, Dan 3:5,7,10,15.
- In the passage in Daniel it is translated as "cornet" which is used in Hebrew music.

Flute/Pipes
- It is the most ancient and simplest of instruments.
- Originally it was merely a reed with holes perforated at certian distances, whence it derived its Hebrew name Chalil which means bored through.
- As its use became general in Hebrew music it was made with great care and materials such as brass, box-wood, horn, bone or ivory was used.
- Sometimes a double pipe was used in Hebrew music.
- One part being played with the right hand and the other with the left and both uniting at the mouth-piece.
- It also served to boost the journey to the great feasts.
Trumpets
- It is a long, straight and slender wind instrument such as Moses was commanded to furnish for the service of the Israelites.
- It was used for notifying the people of the different feasts, for signaling the change of camp and for sounding alarms in time of war.
- It was first used in sacrificial rites only on special occasions, but in the time of David and Solomon its use for such purposes was very much extended.

Silver Trumpets
- The Eternal God commanded Moses to make two silver trumpets for the calling of the assembly, and for the journeying of the camps.
- They were blown singly or together, and with different kinds of calls: a simple blowing and a sounding of an alarm.
- Different synagogue communities today use different rhythms and pitches.


Instrument of Percussion

Cymbals

Its an ancient cymbals resembled those in use in our present day.

  • Consist of two circular concave plates of brass, or other metal and when struck together produces a clanging sound
  • Two types of cymbals with different tone depending on size or resonance qualities
  • It’s a small bronze cymbals 4 to 6 inches in diameter
  • used by the Hebrews in Divine worship as an accompaniment to the chorus of singers

Tambourine

It is played in classical Hebrew music, Roma music, Persian music, gospel music, pop music and rock and roll
  • consist of a single drumhead mounted on a ring with small metal jingles
  • It’s held on your hand or mounted on a stand and can be played numerous ways
  • It’s played by stroking or shaking the jingles to striking it sharply with hand or stick or using the tambourine to strike the leg or hip

Sistrum

It is reproduced in the tambourine used by musicians as an accompaniment to the barrel-organ.
  • A instrument or rattle to give tinkling sound when heldup
  • when shaken the rings moves to and fro upon the brass
  • Often played by woman accompanied by dancing

http://www.musiclyric4christian.com/hebrew-music.html

Ancient Hebrew Clothing


  • Men and Women’s clothes are different from one another because there were laws that forbid men and women to exchange dress, there are many different sections of the Ancient Hebrew dress. Some of these parts are the Inner Garment, the Outer Tunic or Robe, the Girdle, the Outer Garment or Mantle, and the Headdress.

  • The Hebrews wore a “tunic” it’s a shirt that was worn next to the skin .It was made out of leather, haircloth, wool, or linen. Both men and women can wear tunics but they were a difference in the style and pattern. For men, the tunic came down to the knees and was fastened at the waist by a girdle of leather or cloth, and for women tunics were very similar to the males, but went down to their ankles.

  • ‍There are two different kinds of girdles. These girdles are normally made out of leather, linen, or even sometimes silk. Other girdles served as pouch to keep money and other things that an individual might need. It was also used to fasten a man’s sword to his body.‍
http://www.ancient-hebrew.org/33_clothing.html




Foods and Medicines:
-The nomadic consists of breads, fruits when available, milk and cheese and meat. Grains, such as barley and wheat, were gathered and ground into flour and mixed with water and placed on hot rocks to make bread.
-Some of the fruits available were grapes, pomegranates and dates. These were often dried for later use and sometimes mixed with flour for cake type bread.
-milk was taken from the sheep and goats and also used to make a cheese.

Social Activities:
-Most of the men would together, usually at meal times, to discuss past events, needs, locations and other details of operating the camp.
- Most of the women gathered together to prepare foods, make clothing and make tent repairs.-The older person of the clan would tell the stories of their history to the children in order to pass on the experiences of the tribe and clans to the next generation.
-A member of a related clan or even an enemy of another tribe. Their responsibilities are to provide food, shelter and protection as long as they were within their camp.