Ancient China



The Shang dynasty started in 1766-1045 BC and was originated in China. Thier first emperor was Shang Tang.


  • left behind lots of documents about their dynasty
  • the highest one was the king, nobles, commoners, and slaves.
  • worshiped ancestors and many gods like Shang Ti, the Lord on High
  • known for jade,bronze, horse-drawn chariots and their organized armies
  • 2000 BC-developed picture writing that was written in oracle bones

Religion
The Shang Dynasty believed in many gods, but they focused on Shang Ti, the Highly God. It was believed that he makes fruitful harvest and gives assistance in battle. Shang Ti has power over the lesser gods, the sun and moon,
wind and rain, and other natural forces. The Shang Dynasty also worships their ancestors that lived in the spirit world. They worship them by placing food in a bronze vessel and wine in a bronze container.
They pray by offering sacrifices. They believe that their ancestors wouldprotect them and try to keep away as many bad things as they could. The kings can communicate with their ancestors. The ancestors
can communicate with Shang Ti.
Shang Ti
The main religion for the Chinese are Buddhism.
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Buddhism
  • -Buddhism has been around in China for 2,000 years. Today China has 13,000-some Buddhist temples and about 200,000 Buddhist monks and nuns. Among them are 120,000 lamas and nuns, more than 1,700 Buddhas, and 3,000-some temples of Tibetan Buddhism. The Buddhist temples are known as holy places. Chinese Buddhist temples have many characteristics of their own which make them different from other religions' temples.The architectural styles of China’s Buddhist temples were mainly formed in three periods. The first period was the Han Dynasty (from 206 BC to 220 AD). The second period was the Northern and Southern Dynasties (from 386 AD to 589 AD). And the third period was the Tang Dynasty (618-907). The first period sees the retention of Indian styles. In the second period, wooden framework was added to the original styles. In the third period, the styles of Buddhist temples were totally Sinicized and the pavilion-like pagoda, which is unique to China, became popular

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    Shang Dynasty
    ‍The Shang Dynasty started in 1766-1045 BC and was originated in China. Their first emperor was Shang Tang. The Shang Dynasty was in rule of parts in northern and central China. Their capital city was at Anyang near the border of Henan 1384 BCE. This dynasty was based on millet, wheat and barley. Wheat and barley were the primary crops grown in the Dynasty. In addition to the wheat crops, silkworms, pigs, dogs, sheep, and oxen were raised. Bronze ships, weapons, and tools were found from that era.



Clothing
  • has 2 parts the Yi and Shang
  • Yi:the top Shang: the bottom
  • sleeves are narrow and shash whre used as bottoms
  • colors are warm tones
  • for parties the colors are primary and green
  • Men tied their hair in a knot covered with a cloth or hat. Women wore their hair braided and twisted and decorated with pins and combs. Peasants wore a long garment like a shirt made of hemp fiber.
  • Green, red, white, and black were symbols for north, south, east, and west.
  • People of higher class dressed in the finest of silk. Wealthy men and women wore long robes tied with a sash. Underneath they wore trousers that were tight at the ankles.

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Technology
  • Made instruments from bronze
  • sculptures carved on bronze.jade and pottery wares
  • pictures carves on stones, animal bones and horns
  • has 2 different dance:a religious and military dance
  • dancers have flags,weapons,fishing and hunting equipment, and sticks full of feathers



Government
  • rules by kings
  • kings were lawmakers and judge
  • no one dare to disobey them
  • when someone disobey a king, the king’s soldier would be king
  • when a king die their closest family takes the throne

Arts
  • made advanced art
  • carved marbles and jade
  • painted inks on silk
  • made bronze vessel and drums
  • most arts that’s made are given to the king for taxes
  • some for religious worship
  • Chinese art dates back to 10,000 BC consisting of pottery and sculptures.
  • The first decorations were fish and humans but eventually evolved into symmetrical-geometric abstract designs
  • Painting and calligraphy were the most highly appreciated arts in court circles.
  • Calligraphy was thought to be the highest and purest form of painting
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Invented
The Chinese invented many things which we still use today. Some of their inventions are things such as kites, silk cloth, fireworks, compass, and bronze. They also made “The Great Wall of China” It was built by Shi Huangdi. He is known for uniting China and built a strong work force

Religion
  • believes that ancestor lived on a spirit world
  • worship-place food in bronze vessel & wine on bronze container
  • gives ascrifices
  • believed that their ancestors would protect them and try to keep away as many bad thing as they could
  • worship Shang Ti-Lord on High

Agriculture
  • advanced farmers
  • plough using water buffalo or a human
  • plants rice on the south cuase it’s hot and swampy
  • plants millet in the north cuase its dry nd hot
  • have horses to travel or carry/pull heavy things
  • have dogs as pets
Agriculture started about 7500 BC which played a role in the growth of the largest population in the world. Documentation of rice cultivation dates back to 7,700 years ago. Excavators have found farm tools made from bone and stone. The first sign of settled agriculture dates back to 5000 years ago. During the farming seasons of 722-481 BC two major improvements were made to farming. The use of cast iron tools and beasts of burden. such as cows, horses, and buffaloes.

Writing
  • invented a sophisticated Chinese writing
  • written in vertical lines
  • first on bamboo then on rice paper on silk
  • then on oracle bones


Ancient Chines writting
  • each symbol stands for an idea, not a sound
  • spoken languages and the written language are not connected
  • a person could read chines without being able to speak a word of it
  • a person needed to know over 1,000 characters on order to be barley literate
  • scholar- needed to know around 10,000 characters
  • nobles children learned to write, but peasants children did not


Technology
  • craftmens were separated classes from everyone else in their society
  • they made things such as weapons, jewellery and religious items for their kings and nobles
  • bronze items were used in religious ritual and were symbols of power
  • discovered how to make silk cloth
  • they used silkworms cocoons to make the cloth



Family and Society
  • central to chines society
  • being respectful to your parents was a must
  • each family was controlled by the eldest person in their family
  • women had to obey their father, husband, and their own sons
  • back then woman ages 13-16 would be forced to be married and then would move out with their husband
  • loyalty was very important to other families
  • owed respect to ruler of Shang dynasty


Clothing and Fashion
  • Clothing is not only a external expression of elegance, but is also a internal symbolism
  • Archaeological findings of 18,000 year-old artifacts such as bone sewing needles and stone beads and shells with holes bored in them proved the existence of ornamentation and sewing early in Chinese civilization
  • Every piece of clothing communicates to a life of its own


Government
  • The king of the Shang Dynasty were lawmaker and a judge.
  • The king have power over soldiers, and he can tell them what to do.
  • When the king dies his closest relative takes over.
  • The Shang’s first emperor was Shang Tang


Location and Enviroment
  • Shang started in 1766-1045 BC
  • Land between Hang He River in the north of Yangtze River in the south
  • It was one of the dynasties that made China very powerful
  • And a successful civilization
  • They ruled parts of northern and central part of China



Architecture
Ancient Chinese culture has built many palaces. For example E'pang Palace of the Qin Dynasty (221BC-206BC), Weiyang Palace of the Han Dynasty (206BC-220) to the Forbidden City of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) They used yellow roof tiles on the roofs of palaces. Yellow is the imperial color. However The Temple of Heaven has blue roof tiles to symbolize the sky. The Chinese five-clawed dragon, adapted by the first Ming emperor for his personal use, was used as decoration on the beams, pillars, and on the doors on Imperial architecture.

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Social Classes

Kings:
•Ruled the land
•Lived in palaces
•Gave power to the warrior nobles
•Built tombs
•Enjoyed power over the military
Warrior Nobles:
•Owned the land
•Lived in the insides of the city for protection
•Sent tribute to the king in exchange to have the power to control
Peasants and Laborers:
•Worked as farmers
•Lived in the outside of the city in small huts

Other Info
First official dynasty of China
The slaves led a war against their slaved owners in 1122 B.C and it led to downfall of Shang Dynasty.
Used horse-drawn chariots
Cities had walls to keep away invaders.



Sources:

http://library.thinkquest.org/20443/clothing.html
http://www.slideshare.net/Gregman215/shang-dynasty-presentation
http://www.chinastyle.cn/clothing/history/shang-costume.htm
www.galegroup.com
www.chinese-symbols.com